Nurse Glossary

  • American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) - AANP was established in 1985 to offer Nurse Practitioners with a single way to network and support NP concerns and was the first national organization developed for nurse practitioners of all areas of expertise.


  • American Midwifery Certification Board - The American Midwifery Certification Board (AMCB), previously the ACNM Certification Council, Inc. (ACC) is the nationwide certifying program for Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNM's*) and Certified Midwives (CMs*). The certification purpose is a critical aspect of professional quality guarantee in midwifery. Nurse-midwives have actually been certified by assessment since 1971.


  • Anesthesia - customarily means the situation of having feeling (including the sensation of pain) obstructed or temporarily taken away. It is a pharmacologically brought about and reversible condition of amnesia, analgesia, impairment of responsiveness, loss of skeletal muscle reflexes or diminished fight-or-flight response, or all at the same time. This permits patients to go through surgery and other procedures without having the distress and discomfort they would normally experience. An alternate definition is a "reversible lack of awareness," including a complete absence of awareness (e.g. a general anesthetic) or a lack of awareness of an element of the body such as a spinal anesthetic. The pre-existing term anesthesia was mentioned by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. in 1846 as a word to use to describe this state.


  • Benefits - numerous non-wage actions provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries. In situations where an employee trades (cash) wages for some other form of benefit is typically referred to as a 'salary sacrifice' or 'salary exchange' arrangement. In the majority of countries, most types of employee benefits are taxable to at least some amount.


  • Board of Nursing - The Board of Registered Nursing controls the practice of registered nursing and certified advanced practice nurses to be able to safeguard the public. The Board is present to protect the wellbeing and safety of individuals and encourage quality registered nursing.


  • Cardiology - a medical area of expertise dealing with diseases and conditions of the heart; particularly the human heart.


  • Certifications - the verification of certain qualities of an object, person, or organization. This confirmation is frequently, but not always, offered by some form of additional evaluation, education, examination, or audit. Accreditation is a particular organization's procedure of certification.


  • Certified Nurse Assistant - occasionally called nurses' aides, orderlies, patient care professionals, and home health aides, perform under the direction of a nurse to assist patients with day-to-day living responsibilities.


  • Certified Nurse Midwife - is an Advanced Practice Nurse who has professional training and education in both Nursing and Midwifery. CNM's operate as principal healthcare providers for women and frequently provide medical care for basically healthy women, whose birth is considered straight forward, and not "high risk," as well as their newborns.


  • Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists - an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) that has obtained graduate-level education and board accreditation in anesthesia


  • Clinical Nurse Specialist - an advanced practice registered nurse, having graduate training of a master's or doctorate degree from a university program that prepares CNS's. Based on the APRN Consensus Model for Regulation (2008), "The CNS has a unique APRN role to integrate care across the continuum and through three spheres of influence: patient, nurse, system"


  • Co-morbidities - possibly the existence of one or more disorders or diseases, as well as the primary disease or disorder, or the impact of such supplemental disorders or diseases


  • Diagnosis - the identification of the nature and cause of something. Diagnosis is used in many diverse disciplines to ascertain the cause and effect relationships


  • Evaluating - a methodical examination of a subject matter's value, benefit and importance, using criteria dictated by a set of standards


  • Facilitate - to improve the probability, strength, or usefulness of (as conduct or a result)


  • Geriatrics - is a sub-category of internal medicine and family medical care that concentrates on health care of elderly individuals


  • Graduate Records Examination (GRE) - is a standardized examination that is a university admission prerequisite for numerous graduate schools in the United States


  • Gynecology - is the clinical practice concerning the overall health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina, and ovaries).


  • ICU - Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Critical Care Unit (CCU), Intensive Therapy Unit or Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) is an extremely specialized division of a hospital that delivers intensive-care medicine. Intensive Care Units accommodate patients with the most critical injuries and illnesses, the majority of which are life-threatening and require continuous, close monitoring and assistance from equipment and medication to be able to maintain regular bodily functions. They have higher quantities of staffing requirements and specialized monitoring and treatment apparatus, together with doctors and critical care nurses who are especially trained in looking after the most seriously ill patients


  • Integrate - to create or blend into a unique whole: promote to go through integration


  • Job Criteria - a recognized standard through which a specific thing can be evaluated or determined


  • Licensed Practical Nurses - provide care for ailing, wounded, or convalescing individuals or patients with disabilities in hospital wards, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and related establishments. LPN's might work under the guidance of a registered nurse. Licensing is require


  • Licensed Vocational Nurses - licensed vocational nurses (known as LVN's) provide basic nursing care. The title depends on the state one is employed, the title of licensed vocational nurse is interchangeable with licensed practical nurse. They work under the direction of registered nurses and doctors.


  • Medication Administration Record (MAR) - is the document that serves as an authorized record of the drugs given to a patient at a facility by a qualified health care professional. The MAR is a component of a patient's permanent report in their medical chart. The health care practitioner signs off on the record at the time that the medication or device is applied. MARs are frequently known as drug charts.


  • Mentor - a prudent and trustworthy consultant or instructor or an influential elderly sponsor or advocate


  • National Council Licensure Examination (NCLE) - is an assessment for the certification of nurses in the United States. There are two types, the NCLEX-RN and the NCLEX-PN. NCLEX examinations are created and owned by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. (NCSBN). NCSBN delivers these examinations on the part of its member boards that are made up of the boards associated with nursing in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and four U.S. territories American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands and the Virgin Islands.


  • National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) - see above, NCLEX examinations are developed to evaluate the understanding, skills and capabilities essential to the safe and efficient practice of nursing at the entry-level.


  • Networking - a common term used to describe the action of establishing and maintaining associations and personal contacts with an assortment of people who may possibly be helpful to you and your profession


  • Nurse Practitioner - an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) who has finished graduate-level training (either a Master of Nursing or Doctorate of Nursing). Nurse Practitioners take care of both physical and psychological conditions through thorough history taking, physical exams, obtaining and interpreting diagnostic medical tests. NP's can then identify the disease and subsequently provide a suitable remedy for the patients, which includes prescribing medications


  • Oncology - a division of medicine which deals with cancer, coming from the Greek language which means bulk, mass, or tumor


  • Pain management - a part of medicine featuring an interdisciplinary strategy for reducing the suffering and improving the total well being of those coping with pain


  • Pediatrics - the branch of healthcare that is concerned with the medical treatment of infants, children, and adolescents


  • Performance Reviews - also referred to as personnel appraisals or performance evaluations. They evaluate overall performance for the specific work position. They generally determine raises, promotions, and sometimes whether or not an employee gets to keep their job


  • Pharmacology - the division of medicine and biology involved with the analysis of drug action. More particularly, it is the study of the interactions that take place between a living organism and chemicals that impact normal or abnormal biochemical performance.


  • Physician - is a health care provider that practices the profession of medicine, which in turn is involved with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health by means of the research, analysis, and treatment of disease, injuries and other physical and emotional impairments.


  • Physician orders - an order delegated by a physician on duty. Most frequently through the use of a patient's hospital chart, but may be made entered by nurse at doctor's direction


  • Primary Care - the phrase for the medical services by professionals who act as the primary point of assessment for patients within a health care program


  • Red Cross (community organization) - founded in 1881 by Clara Barton, the American Red Cross has been the country's leading emergency response organization. As part of a worldwide movement that provides impartial humanitarian treatment to the affected individuals of war, the American Red Cross differentiates itself by also aiding victims of devastating natural disasters


  • Rehabilitation centers - a center providing treatment and training for rehabilitation. The facility may provide occupational therapy, physical therapy, vocational training, as well as specific training such as speech therapy


  • Surgical Team - the group of professionals working together in a surgical setting including, but not limited to physicians, nurses, and anesthetists


  • The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) - the professional organization of nurse anesthetists in the United States


  • U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics - the primary Federal organization responsible for calculating labor market activity, operating conditions, and cost adjustments in the economy. Its objective is to gather, analyze, and share essential economic information and facts to help support public and private decision-making


  • Uniform - specific clothing worn by individuals of an organization when taking part in that organization's activity


  • Vital Signs - measurements of different physiological statistics, usually taken by health professionals, in order to evaluate the most basic body functions; Vital signs are an important part of a case presentation. The act of having to take vital signs usually involves recording body temperature, pulse rate (or heart rate), blood pressure, and respiratory rate, but can additionally consist of various other measurements